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Residents as Teachers Toolkit: Adult Learning Theory

The Medical Education Office at Baystate Medical Center has compiled this guide for residents seeking development as teachers, learners, and critical thinkers, and for the program directors who want to assist them in that process.

Web based Resources

An understanding of the tenets of adult learning theory can help provide an important basis for competency based education.

Suggested Readings

Das K, Malick S, Khan KS. Tips for teaching evidence-based medicine in a clinical setting: lessons from adult learning theory. Part one. J R Soc Med. Oct 2008;101(10):493-500.


David TJ, Patel L. Adult learning theory, problem based learning, and paediatrics. Arch Dis Child. Oct 1995;73(4):357-363.


Green ML, Ellis PJ. Impact of an evidence-based medicine curriculum based on adult learning theory. J Gen Intern Med. Dec 1997;12(12):742-750.


Hartzell JD. Adult learning theory in medical education. Am J Med. Nov 2007;120(11):e11; author reply e13.


Hartzell JD, Veerappan GR, Posley K, Shumway NM, Durning SJ. Resident run journal club: a model based on the adult learning theory. Med Teach. Apr 2009;31(4):e156-161.


House JD, Burns EA. A study of the use of adult learning theory in medical instruction. Fam Pract Res J. Summer 1986;5(4):241-246.


Hwang SY, Kim MJ. A comparison of problem-based learning and lecture-based learning in an adult health nursing course. Nurse Educ Today. May 2006;26(4):315-321.


Jacobs K, Aja D, Hermenau D. Adult learning through case simulation. Am J Occup Ther. Nov-Dec 1994;48(11):1089-1092.


Laidley TL, Braddock IC. Role of Adult Learning Theory in Evaluating and Designing Strategies for Teaching Residents in Ambulatory Settings. Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract. 2000;5(1):43-54.


Malick S, Das K, Khan KS. Tips for teaching evidence-based medicine in a clinical setting: lessons from adult learning theory. Part two. J R Soc Med. Nov 2008;101(11):536-543.


McNeil HP, Hughes CS, Toohey SM, Dowton SB. An innovative outcomes-based medical education program built on adult learning principles. Med Teach. Sep 2006;28(6):527-534.



Subject Guide

Available from the Library

baystate health sciences library 759 Chestnut St., Springfield, MA 01199
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